Reports & Publications

Recipe for Reform School: Why Some Kids and Teens in the Child Welfare System End Up in the Juvenile Justice System

Originally established to address the needs of child victims of abuse and neglect, the child welfare system was primarily concerned with child safety and home stability. Over time, the system has increasingly provided services to youth with additional needs, including learning disabilities, mental health issues, and behavioral problems.

How to Calculate the Cost of a Youth Arrest

Growing budget shortfalls have intensified policymakers’ interest in crafting cost-effective policies for youth in trouble with the law. Determining the costs associated with each stage of the juvenile justice process is a critical part of these efforts. This toolkit focuses on calculating costs at the point of arrest, a youth’s first official contact with the justice system.

Child Welfare: Gateway to Juvenile Court for African-American Youth

Youth of color are overrepresented in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Addressing racial and ethnic disparities (often referred to as “disproportionate minority contact”) has been at the forefront of conversations about how to improve both systems for years. And yet there has been little research that specifically identifies the child welfare system as a pathway to the juvenile justice system for youth of color.

Juvenile Diversion Guidebook

At one time or another, almost all adolescents engage in risky behaviors, act without thinking, and make bad decisions more often than they will as adults; thus, many may engage in what would be judged as illegal behavior.1 Most youth are not apprehended every time they do so, but arrest is a common experience among adolescents, especially for youth of color in urban areas.

Youth and Work - Restoring Teen and Young Adult Connection to Opportunity

Youth employment is at its lowest level since World War II; only about half of young people ages 16 to 24 held jobs in 2011.

1) Among the teens in that group, only 1 in 4 is now employed, compared to 46 percent in 2000. Overall, 6.5 million people ages 16 to 24 are both out of school and out of work, statistics that suggest dire consequences for financial stability and employment prospects in that population.

Demonstrating that jurisdictions can respond to delinquent behavior in ways that are more effective, fairer, safer, and less costly.

Each year in the United States, thousands of children are placed inappropriately and unnecessarily into youth corrections facilities and various forms of congregate residential placements. As documented in great detail in No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration, in the aggregate these out-of-home placements have a deeply troubling track record: high rates of recidivism; exorbitant costs; frequent harm to the health and safety of the youth (and staff) who are confined in them; and poor outcomes in terms of youth development.

Comparison of Experiences in Differential Response (DR) Implementation: 10 Child Welfare Jurisdictions Implementing DR

This report provides a snapshot of considerations to help child welfare jurisdictions in planning and communicating the Differential Response (DR) approach to stakeholders. This report includes three parts:

1) Analysis of jurisdictions’ implementation experiences,

2) A matrix comparing implementation experiences and additional information across 10 jurisdictions, and

3) Information regarding resources for jurisdictions considering DR or in the process of implementing DR.

Children in Harm's Way - Criminal Justice, Immigration Enforcement, and Child Welfare

In 1998, the Child Welfare League of America published a seminal issue of Child Welfare describing the needs of children with parents in prison. It marked a milestone in what has become an ongoing effort to influence how the child welfare system responds to children whose parents are arrested and the support available to relatives caring for children whose parents are incarcerated.

President Barack Obama's 23 Executive Orders On Gun Safety

President Barack Obama has signed 23 executive orders designed to address the problem of gun violence in America.

A more detailed version can be downloaded here or below.

Gun Violence Reduction Executive Actions:

1. Issue a Presidential Memorandum to require federal agencies to make relevant data available to the federal background check system.

Improving the Juvenile Justice System for Girls: Lessons from the States

Improving the Juvenile Justice System for Girls: Lessons  from the States examines the challenges facing girls in the juvenile justice system and makes recommendations for gender-responsive reform at the local, state, and federal levels. This report emerged from the policy series—Marginalized Girls: Creating Pathways to Opportunity—convened by the Georgetown Center on Poverty, Inequality, and Public Policy, The National Crittenton Foundation, and the Human Rights Project for Girls.

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